The Power of Ownership: Unveiling the Six Key Shareholders’ Rights

Juan Monteverde
3 min readJun 7


As the backbone of the corporate world, shareholders hold a unique position as owners and investors in companies. To ensure their interests are safeguarded and their voices are heard, shareholders possess fundamental rights. These rights empower shareholders to exercise control, demand accountability, and actively participate in shaping the destiny of the companies they invest in. This article will explore the six fundamental rights that grant shareholders the power to protect their investments and influence corporate decision-making.

Right to Ownership and Control:

Shareholders hold the primary right to own a portion of the company through their shareholding. This right gives them a sense of ownership and control over the company’s affairs. It entitles shareholders to participate in critical decisions, such as electing the board of directors and approving significant corporate actions. The right to ownership and control ensures shareholders have a say in the company’s governance and strategic direction.

Right to Information and Transparency:

Transparency is vital to shareholder empowerment. Shareholders can access accurate and comprehensive information about the company’s financial performance, operations, risks, and opportunities. This includes regular financial reports, disclosures, and material event notifications. By exercising their right to information, shareholders can make informed investment decisions and hold management accountable for their actions.

Right to Dividends and Profit Sharing:

As investors, shareholders can receive a share of the company’s profits. Dividends are distributed to shareholders as a form of profit sharing, reflecting their ownership stake. This right ensures shareholders benefit from the company’s success and receive a return on their investment. Dividends can be an essential source of income for shareholders, contributing to their investment attractiveness.

Right to Voting and Corporate Governance:

Shareholders can vote on important matters that impact the company’s governance and direction. This includes electing the board of directors, approving mergers and acquisitions, and making significant changes to the company’s bylaws. The right to vote enables shareholders to shape the company’s policies, ensuring their interests align with its overall strategy.

Right, to Share in Liquidation:

In the event of the company’s liquidation or dissolution, shareholders have the right to a portion of the remaining assets after all obligations are settled. This right ensures that shareholders have a claim to the company’s residual value and provides some protection for their investment. Although this scenario is less common, the right to share in liquidation gives shareholders a safety net in case of business failure.

Right to Legal Recourse and Protection:

Shareholders have the right to seek legal recourse if their rights are violated or if they suffer harm due to the company’s or its management’s actions. This includes filing lawsuits for breaches of fiduciary duty, fraudulent activities, or other misconduct that may harm shareholder interests. The right to legal recourse acts as a safeguard, holding accountable those responsible for any wrongdoing and providing shareholders with a means of seeking justice.


The six fundamental rights bestowed upon shareholders form the pillars of their influence and protection in the corporate landscape. These rights grant shareholders ownership control, access to information, the ability to receive profits, participate in decision-making, claim residual assets, and seek legal protection. By exercising these rights, shareholders can actively engage with the companies they invest in, ensure accountability, and contribute to their investments’ sustainable growth and success. Upholding these rights fosters a healthy relationship between shareholders and companies, ultimately benefiting both parties and the overall stability of the corporate world.



Juan Monteverde

Juan Monteverde, head of Monteverde & Associates, is a securities attorney based in New York. Juan’s firm focuses its efforts on protecting shareholder rights.